Your Cardiovascular System and Diabetes
system is one of the most important systems in the human body. It is
comprised of the heart, blood and blood vessels. Blood is being pumped
out from the heart and is responsible for delivering
oxygen and other nutrients to all the parts of the body. It also cleans
up our body by picking up the waste products on its way back to the
heart so our body can get rid of them.
So what has
diabetes got to do with the cardiovascular system? Since blood is part
of the cardiovascular system, and diabetes is a condition in which the
level of glucose in the blood is higher than normal, then there must be
some relationship between the two.
cardiovascular system diseases have been recognized to be closely
related to each other for some time now due to the so-called insulin
resistance syndrome or metabolic syndrome. Among the 20 million people
in the United States who have diabetes, around 5 to 6 million of this
population who are aged 35 years and above were diagnosed to have a
certain cardiovascular disease according to the National Diabetes
Surveillance System. Some examples of the commonly diagnosed
cardiovascular diseases are coronary heart disease, stroke, high blood
pressure and other heart conditions.
diseases are the major cause now of deaths related to diabetes. In a
study published a few years back in the Journal of the
American Medical Association, deaths due to some heart conditions went
up by 23% in diabetic women despite the 27% drop of the same in
non-diabetic women. As for diabetic men, there is only about 13%
decrease in heart disease related deaths as compared to the 36% drop in
non-diabetics. Thus, the two indeed go together.
Diabetes is now
considered by the American Heart Association to be a major risk factor
in cardiovascular diseases. Other factors that contribute to the
possibility of acquiring cardiovascular diseases in diabetic patients
include hypertension, smoking, and dyslipidemia.
Hypertension in diabetes is considered a major contributor to the
increase in mortality from cardiovascular diseases. Diabetic patients,
especially those with Type 2, need to always have their blood pressure
checked every visit to the doctor. Self-monitoring at home is also a
must to maintain and control the rise of blood pressure. The American
Diabetes Association recommends a target blood pressure of not more
than 130/85 mm Hg to maintain a good level of blood pressure.
Hyperglycemia. Intensive glycemic control may prove to reduce the risk
of cardiovascular events, although not directly. This can be more
beneficial in controlling micro vascular complications, but still,
assessing all risk factors and properly managing them is a big step in
preventing occurrence of any cardiovascular diseases.
Smoking has been determined to be dangerous to our health.
Studies show that smoking indeed increases risk of premature death and
cardiovascular disease in diabetic patients.
As the old saying goes,
"prevention is better than cure." There are many ways to prevent the
increased possibility of cardiovascular events in diabetic patients.
Several alterations or modifications to the risk factors can be done to
still remain healthy in spite of diabetes.
step one can start with is to stop smoking. Diabetic or not, cessation
of smoking will really prove beneficial to one's overall health
condition. Maintaining blood pressure to less than 130/85 or 130/80 mm
Hg helps control the occurrence of hypertension. Having a body mass
index (BMI) of less than 27 is also a must for diabetic patients to
control their overall condition.
Some tests are
also recommended to monitor and maintain key factors at a healthy
level. These tests include annual urine test, retinal dilation
examination, dental examinations, and biannual foot examination for
sensation testing and measurement of pulses. Influenza and pnuemococcal
immunizations also help in proper maintenance.
cardiovascular diseases need proper attention and care. Regular visits
to your health practitioner are recommended as they are the right
people who know all about your condition. They keep all the records of
their patients' health history and can track improvements or otherwise.
Proper medications and advice are also given by these professionals.
Diabetes is indeed a life-long
condition that demands a lot of attention. There may be no hard and
real cure for this disease, but it surely can be maintained and
controlled by proper care and having thorough knowledge and
understanding of the condition.